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Journal Articles Environmental Research Year : 2022

Prevalence and risk factors of asthma in dairy farmers: Ancillary analysis of AIRBAg

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Prolonged occupational agricultural exposure is associated with an increase in asthma diagnosis. This study aimed to identify the prevalence and risk factors for asthma in dairy farmers. METHODS: AIRBAg was a cross-sectional study including 1203 representative dairy farmers. They completed a self-administered questionnaire and underwent a health respiratory check-up. Referral to a pulmonologist was made for any participant with wheezing, dyspnoea, chronic bronchitis, a chronic cough or a FEV(1)/FEV(6) ratio<80%. They underwent further examinations such as spirometry with a reversibility test. Controls (non-asthmatic dairy farmers and non-farm employees) were matched to each asthma case for sex and age (±5 years). The odds ratios (OR) between asthma and different risk factors were estimated using conditional multivariate logistic regression models. RESULTS: Active asthma was diagnosed in 107 (8.9%) farmers. Compared with control dairy farmers, there was a positive association with family history of allergy (OR = 8.68; 95% CI [4.26-17.69]), personal history of eczema (OR = 3.39; 95% CI [1.61-7.13]), hay manipulation (OR = 5.36, 95% CI [1.59-18.01]), and a negative association with farm area (OR = 0.92; 95% CI [0.85-0.99]) and handling treated seeds (OR = 0.47; 95% CI [0.23-0.95]). Compared with control non-farm employees, there was a positive association between asthma and family history of allergy (OR = 95.82, 95% CI [12.55-731.47]). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of active asthma in dairy farmers was somewhat higher than the rate observed in the general population but may be controlled by reducing exposure to airborne organic contaminants through occupational adaptions on farms.
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hal-03776388 , version 1 (16-09-2022)

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Stéphane Jouneau, Anthony Chapron, Cécile Ropars, Solenne Marette, Ange-Marie Robert, et al.. Prevalence and risk factors of asthma in dairy farmers: Ancillary analysis of AIRBAg. Environmental Research, 2022, 214 (Part 4), pp.114145. ⟨10.1016/j.envres.2022.114145⟩. ⟨hal-03776388⟩
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