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Journal Articles Social History of Medicine Year : 2024

Psychiatry, Modernity and the Politics of the Individual: The Historical Contours of Mental Hygiene

Abstract

Summary This introduction to this special issue devoted to mental hygiene movements in Europe examines the issues and problems facing their historical study. While the definition of mental hygiene was obvious to contemporaries, it referred to highly divergent projects in different socio-political contexts. As a result, historians have struggled to come up with a unified definition of mental hygiene as a category for analysis. After outlining historiographical responses to this question, this essay suggests that mental hygiene can best be understood as a specific way of articulating four dimensions of the psychiatric discipline, namely its organization and its relationship to the state, individuals and science. The final section provides an overview of the themes developed by the articles in this special issue.
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Dates and versions

hal-04591468 , version 1 (28-05-2024)

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Grégory Dufaud, Nicolas Henckes, Marianna Scarfone. Psychiatry, Modernity and the Politics of the Individual: The Historical Contours of Mental Hygiene. Social History of Medicine, inPress, ⟨10.1093/shm/hkae015⟩. ⟨hal-04591468⟩
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