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Serological biomarkers for the diagnosis of Mycobacterium abscessus infections in cystic fibrosis patients

Abstract : Background: Culture conditions sometimes make it difficult to detect non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), particularly Mycobacterium abscessus, an emerging cystic fibrosis (CF) pathogen. The diagnosis of NTM positive cases not detected by classical culture methods might benefit from the development of a serological assay. Methods: As part of a diagnostic accuracy study, a total of 173 sera CF-patients, including 33 patients with M. abscessus positive cultures, and 31 non-CF healthy controls (HC) were evaluated. Four M. abscessus antigens were used separately, comprising two surface extracts (Interphase (INP) and a TLR2 positive extract (TLR2eF)) and two recombinant proteins (rMAB_2545c and rMAB_0555 also known as the phospholipase C (rPLC)). Results: TLR2eF and rPLC were the most efficient antigens to discriminate NTM-culture positive CF-patients from NTM-culture negative CF-patients. The best clinical values were obtained for the detection of M. abscessus-culture positive CF-patients; with sensitivities for the TLR2eF and rPLC of 81.2% (95% CI:65.7-92.3%) and 87.9% (95% CI:71.9-95.6%) respectively, and specificities of 88.9% (95% CI:85.3-94.8%) and 84.8% (95% CI:80.6-91.5%) respectively. When considering as positive all sera, giving a positive response in at least one of the two tests, and, as negative, all sera negative for both tests, we obtained a sensitivity of 93.9% and a specificity of 80.7% for the detection of M. abscessus-culture positive CF-patients. Conclusion: High antibody titers against TLR2eF and rPLC were obtained in M. abscessus-culture positive CF-patients, allowing us to consider these serological markers as potential tools in the detection of CF-patients infected with M. abscessus.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 30, 2022 - 7:47:58 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 14, 2022 - 9:10:11 AM



Vincent Le Moigne, Anne-Laure Roux, Hélène Mahoudo, Gaëtan Christien, Agnès Ferroni, et al.. Serological biomarkers for the diagnosis of Mycobacterium abscessus infections in cystic fibrosis patients. Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, 2022, 21 (2), pp.353-360. ⟨10.1016/j.jcf.2021.08.019⟩. ⟨hal-03682218⟩



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