Wing morphometrics of biting midges (Diptera: Culicoides) of veterinary importance in Madagascar - Biospectroscopie Translationnelle Access content directly
Journal Articles Infection, Genetics and Evolution Year : 2023

Wing morphometrics of biting midges (Diptera: Culicoides) of veterinary importance in Madagascar

Abstract

Biting midges are vectors of arboviruses such as bluetongue virus, bovine ephemeral fever virus, Akabane virus, African horse sickness virus, epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus and Schmallenberg virus. Fast and accurate identification of biting midges is crucial in the study of Culicoides-borne diseases. Morphological identification of biting midges has revealed the presence of cryptic species. A total of 20 species are reported in Madagascar. In this study, we assessed wing morphometric analysis for identification of seven species namely C. dubitatus Kremer, Rebholtz-Hirtzel and Delécolle, C. enderleini Cornet and Brunhes, C. kibatiensis Goetghebuer, C. miombo Meiswinkel, C. moreli Clastrier, C. nevilli Cornet and Brunhes, and C. zuluensis de Meillon. Culicoides enderleini, C. miombo, C. moreli, C. nevilli and C. zuluensis are vectors diseases. A molecular approach, based on the cytochrome oxidase I gene (Cox1), was used for species delimitation. The molecular analysis presented seven different clades grouped two-by-two according to morphological characters. A total of 179 wing images were digitised. We found morphometric variation among seven species based on 11 landmarks and two outlines. Wing shape variation plots showed that species overlapped with species belonging to the same group. The cross-validation revealed a relatively high percentage of correct classification in most species, ranging from 91.3% to 100% for landmarks; 60% to 82.6% for outlines-1 and 77.1% to 91.3% for outlines-2. Our study suggests that wing geometric morphometric analysis is a robust tool for reliable "Moka Fohy" identification in Madagascar. This inexpensive and simple method is a precise supplement to morphological identification, with reaches the accuracy of Cox1 barcoding.
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution
licence : CC BY NC ND - Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

Dates and versions

hal-04193167 , version 1 (15-09-2023)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Leila Hadj-Henni, Christine Millot, Véronique Lehrter, Denis Augot. Wing morphometrics of biting midges (Diptera: Culicoides) of veterinary importance in Madagascar. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 2023, 114, pp.105494. ⟨10.1016/j.meegid.2023.105494⟩. ⟨hal-04193167⟩
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