Constraining cosmic reionization by combining the kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich and the 21 cm power spectra - Institut d'astrophysique spatiale Access content directly
Journal Articles Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Year : 2024

Constraining cosmic reionization by combining the kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich and the 21 cm power spectra

Ivelin Georgiev
  • Function : Author
Garrelt Mellema
  • Function : Author

Abstract

During the Epoch of Reionization (EoR), the ultraviolet radiation from the first stars and galaxies ionised the neutral hydrogen of the intergalactic medium, which can emit radiation through its 21 cm hyperfine transition. This 21 cm signal is a direct probe of the first light sources in the early Universe. Measuring the 21 cm power spectrum is a key science goal for the future Square Kilometre Array (SKA), however, observing and interpreting it is a challenging task. Another high-potential probe of the EoR is the patchy kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (pkSZ), observed as a foreground to the primary cosmic microwave background temperature anisotropies on small scales. Despite recent promising measurements by ground-based telescopes, placing constraints on reionization from pkSZ observations is a non-trivial task, subject to strong model dependence. In this work, we propose to alleviate the difficulties in observing and interpreting the 21 cm and pkSZ power spectra by combining them. With a simple yet effective parametric model that establishes a formal connection between them, we are able to jointly fit mock 21 cm and pkSZ data points. We confirm that these two observables provide complementary information on reionization, leading to significantly improved constraints when combined. We demonstrate that with as few as two measurements of the 21 cm power spectrum with 100 hours of observations with the SKA, as well as a single $\ell=3000$ pkSZ data point, we can reconstruct the reionization history of the Universe and its morphology. We find that the reionization global history (morphology) is better constrained with two 21 cm measurements at different redshifts (scales). Therefore, a combined analysis of the two probes will give access to tighter constraints on cosmic reionization even in the early stages of 21 cm detections.
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hal-04356160 , version 1 (20-04-2024)

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Ivelin Georgiev, Adélie Gorce, Garrelt Mellema. Constraining cosmic reionization by combining the kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich and the 21 cm power spectra. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2024, 528 (4), pp.7218-7235. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stae506⟩. ⟨hal-04356160⟩
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