Cavity-enhanced photodetachment of H$^-$as a means to produce energetic neutral beams for phasma Heating - Département de physique Access content directly
Journal Articles Atoms Year : 2019

Cavity-enhanced photodetachment of H$^-$as a means to produce energetic neutral beams for phasma Heating

Christophe Blondel
David Bresteau
Cyril Drag

Abstract

Neutral beam injection, for plasma heating, will supposedly be achieved, in ITER, by collisional detachment of a pre-accelerated D− beam. Collisional detachment, however, makes use of a D2-filled neutralisation chamber, which has severe drawbacks, including the necessity to set the D− -ion source at −1 MV. Photodetachment, in contradistinction, would have several advantages as a neutralisation method, including the absence of gas injection, and the possibility to set the ion source close to the earth potential. Photodetachment, however, requires a very high laser flux. The presented work has consisted in implementing an optical cavity, with a finesse greater than 3000, to make such a high illumination possible with a state-of-the-art CW (continuous-wave) laser. A 1.2 keV 1H− -beam (only 20 times slower than the 1 MeV 2D− ion beams to be prepared for ITER) was photodetached with more-than-50% efficiency, with only 24 W of CW laser input. This experimental demonstration paves the way for developing real-size photoneutralizers, based on the implementation of refolded optical cavities around the ion beams of neutral beam injectors. Depending on whether the specifications of the laser power or the cavity finesse will be more difficult to achieve in real scale, different architectures can be considered, with greater or smaller numbers of optical refoldings or (inclusively) optical cavities in succession, on the beam to be neutralised.
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hal-02341686 , version 1 (28-02-2024)

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Christophe Blondel, David Bresteau, Cyril Drag. Cavity-enhanced photodetachment of H$^-$as a means to produce energetic neutral beams for phasma Heating. Atoms, 2019, 7 (1), pp.32. ⟨10.3390/atoms7010032⟩. ⟨hal-02341686⟩
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