Equations de conservation et lois de comportement d'un polymère électroactif

Abstract : Ionic electro-active polymer (Nafion for example) can be used as sensor or actuator. To this end, a thin film of the water-saturated material is sandwiched between two electrodes. Water saturation causes a quasi-complete dissociation of the polymer and the release of small cations. The application of an electric field across the thickness results in the bending of the strip. Conversely, a voltage can be detected between the two electrodes when the strip is bent. This phenomenon involves multiphysics couplings of electro-mechanical-chemical type. The system is modeled by a deformable porous medium in which flows an ionic solution and we use a continuous medium approach. Maxwell’s equations and conservation laws of mass, linear momentum and energy are first written at the microscopic scale for each phase and interfaces, then for the complete material using an average technique. Thermodynamics of linear irreversible processes provides the constitutive equations : a Kelvin-Voigt stress-strain relation, generalized Fourier’s and Darcy’s laws and a Nernst-Planck equation.
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  • HAL Id : hal-01545543, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1708.05056

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Mireille Tixier, Joël Pouget. Equations de conservation et lois de comportement d'un polymère électroactif. XXIIème Congrès Français de Mécanique (CFM 2015), AFM, Association Française de Mécanique, Aug 2015, Lyon, France. ⟨hal-01545543⟩

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