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Intérêt en EHPAD du robot émotionnel Pepper dans les troubles neurocomportementaux de la maladie d’Alzheimer

Abstract : Can geriatric technologies really be effective among elderly people with Alzheimer's dementia and living in institutions? Our controlled, randomized, single-blind, comparative study attempted to answer this question. The study was conducted in two nursing homes among 31 subjects with an average age of 79.4 ± 6.9, and an average MMSE score of 12.2 ± 3.6. The results show that the Pepper robot, compared to a soft toy, is capable not only of entertaining, but above all of inducing qualitative and quantitative clinical effects. During the 20-minute sessions, a decrease in apathy was observed with Pepper (6.7 ± 6.5 min vs. 18.4 ± 3.8 min, P < 0.001), a decrease in ambulation (4.5 ± 4.2 min vs. 18.2 ± 4 min, P < 0.001), a decrease in the duration of anger and aggression (3.7 ± 2.86 min vs. 16.22 ± 4.8 min, P = 0.001) and greater interactivity (10.02 ± 0.40 min vs. 4.4 ± 0.42 min, P < 0.001). When residents were asked to choose, they preferred Pepper (65 %) over the soft toy (35 %, P = 0.03). Alongside, we observed an impact on the subjective workload of caregivers: 48 % of the staff (vs. 38 %) considered that the presence of Pepper facilitated their task in situations of crisis. For the soft toy, the proportion of satisfied caregivers was only 14 % (P = 0.017).
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 31, 2021 - 4:16:53 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 1, 2021 - 1:17:51 PM

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I. Npochinto Moumeni, F. Mourey. Intérêt en EHPAD du robot émotionnel Pepper dans les troubles neurocomportementaux de la maladie d’Alzheimer. NPG: Neurologie - Psychiatrie - Gériatrie, Elsevier, 2021, 21 (121), pp.11-18. ⟨10.1016/j.npg.2020.09.005⟩. ⟨hal-03330039⟩

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