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Journal Articles International Business Review Year : 2022

Outsidership, network positions and cooperation among internationalizing SMEs: An industry evolutionary perspective

Les facteurs de l’échec entrepreneurial des PME marocaines : une étude exploratoire

Xander Ong
  • Function : Author
Susan Freeman
  • Function : Author
François Goxe
Simone Guercini
  • Function : Author
Brian Cooper
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore how resilience can support entrepreneurs in uncertain environments. The study’s objective is to show how different dimensions of resilience (emotional/cognitive) are dynamically connected to different logics of actions (causation/effectuation) allowing the development of a successful entrepreneurial project. Design/methodology/approach The study is based on a qualitative analysis of a blog written by an entrepreneur during the first 17 months of a search, negotiation, and financing process for a company takeover. Findings The results highlight that in high uncertainty, strong entrepreneurial resilience and shift of logics of action can contribute to the success of a business takeover. This study identifies forms of resilience during the business takeover process that helped the entrepreneur overcome adversity and succeed. Moreover, these forms of resilience seem to be related to effectual and causal logics. Practical implications This study could help future entrepreneurs succeed in the creation or takeover of an organization by improving knowledge of the relationship between resilience and logics of actions. Originality/value This study proposes a different approach to the study of entrepreneurial resilience by analyzing it in relation with the logics of action (causation/effectuation). Moreover, the study offers a modern methodological approach by using an internet blog as a data source.
L’échec entrepreneurial des PME implique des conséquences socioéconomiques considérables. Pourtant, la recherche en entrepreneuriat s’est particulièrement concentrée sur les facteurs de succès des PME sans mettre davantage le point sur les multiples facteurs de leur échec. En adoptant une perspective multidimensionnelle de l’échec entrepreneurial, l’objectif de cet article est de contribuer à l’étude de ce phénomène dans le contexte marocain. Nous avons mené une analyse qualitative des recherches académiques et des enquêtes publiques et privées, afin d’explorer et de contextualiser les facteurs de l’échec entrepreneurial des PME marocaines. Les résultats obtenus révèlent que les déterminants essentiels de l’échec entrepreneurial de la PME marocaine sont sa spécificité organisationnelle et managériale, le profil de l’entrepreneur marocain et les contraintes imposées par l’environnement macro-économique reflété par la situation économique globale, les conditions de l’industrie, le cadre institutionnel, et l’accès aux ressources financières externes. Classification JEL : L25, L26, G33, O55.
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Dates and versions

hal-04396787 , version 1 (16-01-2024)

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Xander Ong, Susan Freeman, François Goxe, Simone Guercini, Brian Cooper. Outsidership, network positions and cooperation among internationalizing SMEs: An industry evolutionary perspective. International Business Review, 2022, 31 (3), pp.101970. ⟨10.1016/j.ibusrev.2021.101970⟩. ⟨hal-04396787⟩
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