The impact of contextual variables on Tunisian public transit efficiency: a two-stage bootstrapped approach - Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines Access content directly
Journal Articles Advances in Transportation Studies Year : 2022

The impact of contextual variables on Tunisian public transit efficiency: a two-stage bootstrapped approach

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine technical efficiency in the Tunisian public transit system and its determinants through parametric and non-parametric techniques. Our analysis is based on a sample of a 12- bus transit company over the 2000-2017 period. We have conducted a two-stage analysis. First, we evaluated input-oriented Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) scores under ctifferent assumptions. Then we regressed efficiency scores on potential contextual variables using the bootstrapped regression and right truncated regression. The DEA results show that the average efficiency scores range from 0.5 to I. Accorcting to the right-truncated and the bootstrapped-truncated regression; the proportion of subsicties, vehicle age and population density were identified as factors that significantly deteriorate efficiency. Conversely, network density and the existence of universities in the considered region improve efficiency. The calculation of margin effects highlights the importance of vehicle age and network density, compared to the other variables. Our study makes a significant contribution to the literature by employing a new contextual variable, and by conducting the Simar-Wilson bootstrapping analysis using input-oriented DEA scores. The finctings of this study provide also useful observations and insights for urban planners and policymakers across cities.
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Dates and versions

hal-04437783 , version 1 (05-02-2024)

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Souhir Abbes, M. A. Mezghani. The impact of contextual variables on Tunisian public transit efficiency: a two-stage bootstrapped approach. Advances in Transportation Studies, 2022, 58, pp.163. ⟨10.53136/979122180230611⟩. ⟨hal-04437783⟩
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