Intestinal dysbiosis in spondyloarthritis – chicken or egg? - Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines Access content directly
Journal Articles Current Opinion in Rheumatology Year : 2021

Intestinal dysbiosis in spondyloarthritis – chicken or egg?

Abstract

Purpose of review The well-established link between intestinal inflammation and spondyloarthritis (SpA) remains largely unexplained. Recent sequencing technologies have given access to a thorough characterization of the gut microbiota in healthy and disease conditions. This showed that inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with dysbiosis – i.e., disturbed gut microbiota composition – which may contribute to disease pathogenesis. Whether gut dysbiosis exists in SpA and could contribute to disease development or be a bystander consequence of chronic inflammation is a question of major interest. Recent findings Several metagenomic studies have been performed in SpA. Most of them concerned faecal samples and showed dysbiosis consisting in a reduction of microbial biodiversity in a way similar to what has been described in IBD. They also highlighted changes in microbial taxa composition that could contribute to the inflammatory process. Likewise, healthy carriers of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27 exhibited gut dysbiosis, indicating that this predisposing allele could exert its pathogenic effect by influencing microbiota composition, and possibly by driving antigen-specific cross-reactive immune response. On the other hand, SpA treatments were associated with a reduction of dysbiosis, showing that it is at least in part a consequence of inflammation. Summary Recent insights from metagenomic studies warrant further investigations to identify the mechanisms by which microbial dysbiosis could contribute to SpA development. This would bring novel therapeutic opportunities aiming at correcting detrimental changes.

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Health
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Dates and versions

hal-04535540 , version 1 (06-04-2024)

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Maxime Breban, Marie Beaufrère, Simon Glatigny. Intestinal dysbiosis in spondyloarthritis – chicken or egg?. Current Opinion in Rheumatology, 2021, 33 (4), pp.341-347. ⟨10.1097/bor.0000000000000800⟩. ⟨hal-04535540⟩
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