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Journal Articles BMJ Year : 2018

Corticosteroid therapy for sepsis: a clinical practice guideline

Francois Lamontagne
  • Function : Author
Bram Rochwerg
  • Function : Author
Lyubov Lytvyn
  • Function : Author
Gordon Guyatt
  • Function : Author
Morten Hylander Møller
  • Function : Author
Michelle Kho
  • Function : Author
Neill Adhikari
  • Function : Author
Flavia Machado
  • Function : Author
Per Vandvik
  • Function : Author
Peter Dodek
  • Function : Author
Rebecca Leboeuf
  • Function : Author
Matthias Briel
  • Function : Author
Madiha Hashmi
  • Function : Author
Julie Camsooksai
  • Function : Author
Manu Shankar-Hari
  • Function : Author
Mahder Kinfe Baraki
  • Function : Author
Karie Fugate
  • Function : Author
Shunjie Chua
  • Function : Author
Christophe Marti
  • Function : Author
Dian Cohen
  • Function : Author
Edouard Botton
  • Function : Author
Thomas Agoritsas
  • Function : Author
Reed Siemieniuk
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Do corticosteroids reduce death or improve recovery in people with sepsis or septic shock? Our panel make a weak recommendation to give corticosteroids to people with all types and severity of sepsis, based on new evidence. Because we are not certain that they are beneficial, it is also reasonable not to prescribe them. Patients’ values and preferences may guide this decision-making process. This rapid recommendation was triggered by two trials, with differing conclusions whose results might change practice: •  ADRENAL (3658 patients who had septic shock) found no statistically significant difference in 90 day mortality between the hydrocortisone and placebo groups.1 •  APROCCHSS (1241 patients who had septic shock) found that hydrocortisone plus fludrocortisone reduced 90 day mortality.2 The trials are incorporated into a linked systematic review comparing corticosteroids with placebo.3 This BMJ Rapid Recommendation promptly and transparently translates this evidence using GRADE methodology for trustworthy guidelines. Sepsis is a life threatening organ dysfunction from infection. Currently most guidelines advise against giving corticosteroids in sepsis in the absence of refractory shock, but these guidelines have not taken into account the new evidence. We do not anticipate that new clinical trials will substantively alter the evidence suggesting a small but uncertain mortality reduction. The box below shows publications linked in this Rapid Recommendation package. The main infographic provides an overview of the absolute benefits and harms. The table at the end of the article shows any evidence that has emerged since the publication of this guideline.

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Health
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hal-04536332 , version 1 (08-04-2024)

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Francois Lamontagne, Bram Rochwerg, Lyubov Lytvyn, Gordon Guyatt, Morten Hylander Møller, et al.. Corticosteroid therapy for sepsis: a clinical practice guideline. BMJ, 2018, pp.k3284. ⟨10.1136/bmj.k3284⟩. ⟨hal-04536332⟩
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