Is Systemic Immunosuppression a Risk Factor for Oral Cancer? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis - Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines Access content directly
Journal Articles Cancers Year : 2023

Is Systemic Immunosuppression a Risk Factor for Oral Cancer? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Romeo Patini
Massimo Cordaro
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Denise Marchesini
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Francesco Scilla
Gioele Gioco
Cosimo Rupe
Carlo Lajolo

Abstract

Even if the relationship between immunosuppression and increased incidence of systemic cancers is well known, there is less awareness about the risk of developing oral cancer in immunosuppressed patients. The aim of this review was to evaluate the association between immunosuppression and the development of oral cancer. Two authors independently and, in duplicate, conducted a systematic literature review of international journals and electronic databases (MEDLINE via OVID, Scopus, and Web of Science) from their inception to 28 April 2023. The assessment of risk of bias and overall quality of evidence was performed using the Newcastle–Ottawa Scale and GRADE system. A total of 2843 articles was identified, of which 44 met the inclusion criteria and were included in either the qualitative or quantitative analysis. The methodological quality of the included studies was generally high or moderate. The quantitative analysis of the studies revealed that immunosuppression should be considered a risk factor for the development of oral cancer, with a percentage of increased risk ranging from 0.2% to 1% (95% CI: 0.2% to 1.4%). In conclusion, the results suggest that a constant and accurate follow-up should be reserved for all immunosuppressed patients as a crucial strategy to intercept lesions that have an increased potential to evolve into oral cancer.
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hal-04551330 , version 1 (18-04-2024)

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Romeo Patini, Massimo Cordaro, Denise Marchesini, Francesco Scilla, Gioele Gioco, et al.. Is Systemic Immunosuppression a Risk Factor for Oral Cancer? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Cancers, 2023, 15 (12), pp.3077. ⟨10.3390/cancers15123077⟩. ⟨hal-04551330⟩
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