Eye alignment changes caused by sustained GDNF treatment of an extraocular muscle in infant non-human primates - Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2020

Eye alignment changes caused by sustained GDNF treatment of an extraocular muscle in infant non-human primates

Christy Willoughby
  • Function : Author
Rachel Kueppers
  • Function : Author
Michael Mustari
  • Function : Author
Linda Mcloon
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Abstract The ability of sustained treatment of a single extraocular muscle with glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) to produce a strabismus in infant non-human primates was tested. Six infant non-human primates received a pellet containing GDNF, releasing 2 µg/day for 90 days, on one medial rectus muscle. Eye alignment was assessed up to 6 months. Five of the six animals showed a slow decrease in eye misalignment from the significant exotropia present at birth, ending with approximately 10° of exotropia. Controls became orthotropic. Misalignment averaged 8° three months after treatment ended. After sustained GDNF treatment, few changes were seen in mean myofiber cross-sectional areas compared to age-matched naïve controls. Neuromuscular junction number was unaltered in the medial rectus muscles, but were significantly reduced in the untreated lateral recti. Neuromuscular junctions on slow fibers became multiply innervated after this sustained GDNF treatment. Pitx2-positive cells significantly decreased in treated and contralateral medial rectus muscles. Our study suggests that balanced GDNF signaling plays a role in normal development and maintenance of orthotropia. Sustained GDNF treatment of one medial rectus muscle resulted in a measurable misalignment largely maintained 3 months after treatment ended. Structural changes suggest mechanisms for producing an imbalance in muscle function.

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Health
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hal-04552286 , version 1 (19-04-2024)

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Jérome Fleuriet, Christy Willoughby, Rachel Kueppers, Michael Mustari, Linda Mcloon. Eye alignment changes caused by sustained GDNF treatment of an extraocular muscle in infant non-human primates. Scientific Reports, 2020, 10 (1), pp.11927. ⟨10.1038/s41598-020-68743-3⟩. ⟨hal-04552286⟩
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