In vitro and computational analysis of the putative furin cleavage site (RRARS) in the divergent spike protein of the rodent coronavirus AcCoV-JC34 (sub-genus luchacovirus) - Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2021

In vitro and computational analysis of the putative furin cleavage site (RRARS) in the divergent spike protein of the rodent coronavirus AcCoV-JC34 (sub-genus luchacovirus)

Annette Choi
  • Function : Author
Deanndria Singleton
  • Function : Author
Alison Stout
  • Function : Author
Jean K. Millet
Gary Whittaker

Abstract

Abstract The Coronaviridae is a highly diverse virus family, with reservoir hosts in a variety of wildlife species that encompass bats, birds and small mammals, including rodents. Within the taxonomic group alphacoronavirus, certain sub-genera (including the luchacoviruses) have phylogenetically distinct spike proteins, which remain essentially uncharacterized. Using in vitro and computational techniques, we analyzed the spike protein of the rodent coronavirus AcCoV-JC34 from the sub-genus luchacovirus, previously identified in Apodemus chevrieri (Chevrier’s field mouse). We show that AcCoV-JC34—unlike the other luchacoviruses—has a putative furin cleavage site (FCS) within its spike S1 domain, close to the S1/S2 interface. The pattern of basic amino acids within the AcCoV-JC34 FCS (-RR-R-) is identical to that found in “pre-variant” SARS-CoV-2—which is in itself atypical for an FCS, and suboptimal for furin cleavage. Our analysis shows that, while containing an -RR-R-motif, the AcCoV-JC34 spike “FCS” is not cleaved by furin (unlike for SARS-CoV-2), suggesting the possible presence of a progenitor sequence for viral emergence from a distinct wildlife host.

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hal-04494649 , version 1 (07-03-2024)

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Annette Choi, Deanndria Singleton, Alison Stout, Jean K. Millet, Gary Whittaker. In vitro and computational analysis of the putative furin cleavage site (RRARS) in the divergent spike protein of the rodent coronavirus AcCoV-JC34 (sub-genus luchacovirus). 2024. ⟨hal-04494649⟩
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